Osteoarthritis (OA)

  • It is the most common chronic arthritis
  • It is chronic degenerative, often called “wear and tear” arthritis.
  • Normal in the aging process
  • The normal joint use prompts the release of enzymes that break down articular cartilage.
  • The result is softened, roughened, pitted, and eroded articular cartilages

Symptoms and Signs:

  • Pain is related to use
  • Pain gets worse during the day
  • Minimal morning stiffness (<20 min) and after inactivity (gelling)
  • Range of motion decreases
  • Joint instability
  • Bony enlargement
  • Restricted movement
  • Crepitus
  • Variable swelling and/or instability

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)

  • It is not as common but still effects millions.
  • Effect women more than men, usually between the ages of 40-50
  • In early stages joint tenderness and stiffness are common
  • Usually effects small joints like wrist, ankles, fingers, and feet.
  • Has both flare ups and remissions
  • RA- is an autoimmune disease- a disorder in which the body’s immune system attacks its own tissue.
  • Unknown cause but suspects include bacterium and viruses.
  • Synovial fluid can increase

Ulcerative colitis (UC)

It is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes inflammation and ulcers in the lining of the large intestine (colon) and rectum. Inflammation can cause the lining of the colon to become swollen and tender, and it can also lead to the formation of ulcers. These ulcers can bleed and cause pain and cramping.

The exact cause of ulcerative colitis is still unknown, but it is believed to result from a combination of genetic, environmental, and immune system factors. It is thought to involve an abnormal immune response, where the immune system mistakenly attacks the healthy cells of the colon, leading to inflammation and tissue damage.

The most common symptoms of ulcerative colitis include.

  • Diarrhea, often with blood or mucus,
  • Abdominal pain,
  • Cramping,
  • Rectal bleeding,
  • The urgency to have bowel movements and a constant feeling of needing to empty the bowels.

These symptoms can range from mild to severe and may come and go in episodes known as flare-ups.

  • Consult your Clinician for any advice or treatment

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